Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)

RELATIVE TOXICITY OF SOME CHEMICAL PESTICIDES AGAINST JUTE HAIRY CATERPILLAR (SPILOSOMA OBLIQUA W.) IN TOSSA JUTE (CORCHORUS OLITORIUS L.)

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mjsa.01.2022.17.21

ABSTRACT

BLOOD MEAL SUPPLEMENT IMPROVES EXPLORATION BEHAVIOUR BUT INCREASES ESCAPE ATTEMPT

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Nur Atiqah Abdul Rahim, Mohammad Tariqur Rahman, Intan Azura Shahdan

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2022.17.21

Blood meal as an animal feed supplement promotes agricultural sustainability. Blood meal which is high in proteins, lacks certain nutrients hence is expected to give impact on the chicken behaviour and welfare. This study was carried out to determine the impact of blood meal supplement on chicken behaviour. The study involved 100 chickens which were bred in semi-opened poultry house for 6 weeks. At 6th week, chickens provided with fish meal (FM) only had a higher body weight compared to that of the group provided with FM and blood meal supplement (FBM). Normal behaviour such as walking, standing, feeding, drinking, dust bathing and lying down were not significantly affected by the changes in the meal (p>0.05). However, based on a single assessor assessment, FBM group displayed higher score in explore and escape characteristics, than the FM group. On the other hand, FM group displayed a slightly higher score for fear behaviour than the FBM. Findings in this study leads to the conclusion that blood meal supplement has influence on the welfare in chickens farming in terms of their exploration, fear, and escape behaviours. Therefore, amount of blood meal as animal feed supplement in poultry production should be determined carefully to avoid any potential detrimental effect on poultry welfare.
Pages 17-21
Year 2022
Issue 1
Volume 6

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mjsa.01.2022.12.16

ABSTRACT

RESPONSES OF CORN SILAGE TO SOWING PATTERN UNDER SUBSURFACE DRIP IRRIGATION IN A SANDY SOIL

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Abdel Aziz Hassane Sidikou, Saad Drissi, Ahmed Bouaziz, Ahmed Bamouh, Khalid Dhassi, Yousra El-Mejjaouy, Hicham El Hajli, Abdelhadi Ait Houssa

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2022.12.16

The subsurface drip irrigation technique is introduced in many agricultural areas of Morocco, particularly in the forage production systems. This study aims to determine the optimal sowing pattern of forage corn equipped with a subsurface drip irrigation system. A field experiment was carried out on sandy soil. Five rows spacing were evaluated: 40 cm, 55 cm, 70 cm, 85 cm, and 100 cm. The sowing rate was around 120000 plants ha-1. The subsurface irrigation system consisted of drip lines buried at 30 cm and separated by 100 cm with 1 L h-1 emitters and 50 cm as emitters spacing. The results revealed that the fraction of PARi and the accumulated PARi were not influenced by the sowing pattern. The highest corn dry biomass was recorded at 40 cm, 70 cm, and 85 cm row spacing. The biomass increase was mainly attributed to grain yield. The lowest irrigation water use efficiency was recorded at 100 cm row spacing (4.3 kg m-3). Concerning the forage quality, the sowing pattern did not influence the net energy for lactation and other forage quality parameters.
Pages 12-16
Year 2022
Issue 1
Volume 6

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mjsa.01.2022.07.11

ABSTRACT

DETERMINATION OF RACE PERFORMANCE’S FACTORS OF ARABIAN THOROUGHBRED TUNISIAN HORSES AND THE IMPACT OF INTRODUCTION OF OCCIDENTAL THOROUGHBRED HORSES INTUNISIA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: IkramBensouf, NaceurMhamdi, Hatem OuledAhmed,FatenLasfar, Belgacem Ben Aoun, AbdessalemTrimeche

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2022.07.11

The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of age, sex, running distance and origin of horse on racing speed for Thoroughbred Arabian horse in Tunisia. Although the occidental type is known to be more successful in racing than the Tunisian type, we undertook this study to try to confirm or deny this supremacy for a sample of racehorses born in Tunisia from occidental father. A total of 333 racing records were considered for race performance. The effects of environmental factors on (sex, age, father’s origin, race distance, number of race seasons) race performance were analyzed using the least-squares method(LSM).The racehorses studied were all Arabian Thoroughbred horses in operation at the racecourse of Ksar Said from 2010 to 2020. They are 180 horses, 90 horses born of a Tunisian father, and 90 horses born in Tunisia ofthe occidentalfather. These horses are the best and most successful in their category. The study revealed that the gender and age effectswere statistically insignificant onracingperformance. Race performance was significantly influenced by the distance and the origin of the father which affirms the improving role of the occidentalhorse in the Tunisian population.
Pages 07-11
Year 2022
Issue 1
Volume 6

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mjsa.01.2022.01.06

ABSTRACT

AGRICULTURAL MULTIFUNCTIONALITY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN MALAYSIA: A CONTINGENT VALUATION METHOD APPROACH

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Chuen Khee Pek, Fang Ee, Foo

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2022.01.06

Agriculture multifunctionality highlights the importance of non-food benefits as joint products of agriculture. A study on the non-food benefits of agriculture is important to explore the potential of innovating the agricultural industry for sustainable development. The societal influence of agriculture multifunctionality (AMF), for instance job opportunities, more environmental-friendly crop-production methods and food security, is not much known, especially in Malaysia. Thus, the objectives of this study are to estimate the economic value and the factors influencing willingness-to-pay (WTP) for AMF. Additionally, there are vast potentials in AMF to support the UN Sustainable Development Goals 2, 8 and 12. A contingent valuation (CV) with two payment solicitation formats was commissioned on respondents in Kuala Lumpur to study the WTP an agricultural premium of the purchase values of agricultural products to support AMF. The findings support the direction of innovating the agricultural industry through AMF as one of the forerunners of sustainable growth for developing countries like Malaysia. Although only half of the respondents vowed their WTP for AMF, it is observed that households, which spend more on agricultural products such like vegetables, fruits and related goods are having higher odds ratio of WTP for AMF. The odds ratios change to values of more than 1.00 with spending, which was three times the mean value. And that payment card format begets higher odds ratio of WTP for AMF compared to open-ended CV method format. The findings encourage entrepreneurs, especially the youth to venture into the innovative non-food benefits of agriculture for more responsible usage of our natural resources and decent economic growth.
Pages 01-06
Year 2022
Issue 1
Volume 6

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