Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)

GRAIN YIELD AND QUALITY OF WHEAT AS AFFECTED BY CULTIVARS AND SEEDING RATES

Author archives:

mjsa.01.2019.13.19

ABSTRACT

AN OVERVIEW MALAYSIA AS A HUB OF PLANTING PROPHETIC FRUITS

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Aimi Fadzirul Kamarubahrin, Asmaddy Haris, Syadiyah Abdul Shukor, Siti Nurazira Mohd Daud, Nursilah Ahmad, Zurina Kefli @ Zulkefli, Nurul Aini Muhamed And Abu Hassan Makmun Abdul Qadir

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2019.13.19

Only a small number of farmers involve in planting prophetic fruits such as dates palm, figs, pumpkin and watermelon in Malaysia. If look at Malaysia, Muslim is the majority population and practices Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is a sunnah in order to gain benefit at the end of the day as a Muslim. There is a potential for Malaysian to plant and produce these prophetic fruits due to it availability in small scale. The main purpose of this study is to provide an overview of Malaysia as a hub of planting the prophetic fruits as well as known as sunnah consumption. Methodology is based on review of previous literatures and interview conducted. As recommendation and findings, there is huge potential for planting these prophetic fruits as shown in findings dates palm, figs, pumpkin and watermelon. Economic and religious information will lead to the success of planting these types of fruits. The involvement of government agencies and private sectors is essential in the promotion of planting prophetic fruits to farmers. This study contributes to the literature of planting several prophetic fruits which is available to cultivate, plant and harvest in Malaysia.
Pages 13-19
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.01.2019.08.12

ABSTRACT

GRAIN YIELD AND QUALITY OF WHEAT AS AFFECTED BY CULTIVARS AND SEEDING RATES

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Intsar H. H. Al-Hilfy, S. A. Wahid, H. M. K. Al-Abodi, S. A. A. Al-Salmani, Md. Reaz Mahamud, Prof. Dr. Md. Bellal Hossain

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2019.08.12

An experiment was conducted at Research Station, State Board for Seeds Testing and Certification, Baghdad, Iraq during 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 seasons to determine the effect of six seeding rates (80, 100, 120, 140, 160, and 180 kg ha-1) on yield and quality of three wheat cultivars (Bohooth 22, Bohooth 158, and Rasheed). The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Blocks Design (RCBD) with split plots arrangement placing seeding rates in main plots and cultivars in sub-plots with three replicates. Seeding rate 140 kg ha-1 gave highest grain yield (4.95 and 4.99 t ha-1) for both seasons, respectively. Seeding rate 80 kg ha-1 gave highest protein content (13.95% and 13.68%) and gluten (34.46% and 32.95%) for both seasons, respectively. Seeding rate of 140 kg ha-1 gave the highest protein yield (618.60 kg ha-1) during the first season, while seeding rate of 120 kg ha-1 gave the highest yield in this trait (621.02 kg ha-1) during the second season. Rasheed cultivar plants produced highest grain yield (4.77 and 4.89 t ha-1), whereas Bohooth 158 plants recorded highest protein content (13.13% and 13.28%) and gluten (34 .85% and 33.21%) for both seasons, respectively. So, it’s recommended to cultivate the three studied wheat cultivars at seeding rate 140 kg ha-1 to obtain highest grain yield, whereas seeding rate 80 kg ha-1 is the best to get the highest protein and gluten content.
Pages 08-12
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.01.2019.05.07

ABSTRACT

LARGE SCALE PRODUCTION AND INCREASED SHELF LIFE OF TRICHODERMA HARZIANUM INOCULUMS IN SEMI SOLID MEDIUM

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Md. Reaz Mahamud

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2019.05.07

Trichoderma harzianum is a well-known bio control agent that is commercially produced to prevent development of several soil borne plant pathogen. In addition to control of plant diseases, T. harzianum also promotes plant growth. Solid and liquid state fermentation methods are commonly used for mass production of T. harzianum inoculums. Solid fermentation is expensive as it requires substrate for fermentation. Liquid fermentation is also undesirable due to increase of pH, chemical degradation and lower shelf life over the time of storage. Therefore, an alternative semi solid medium has been developed for large scale fermentation of T. harizanum inoculums. The newly developed medium showed more cell count of T. harizanum and less chemical changes (most probably oxidation) over time compared to solid or liquid media. Two to three days after fermentation, the newly developed semi solid medium showed less production of gas compared to other media. Therefore, the newly developed semi solid medium could be used to increase the quality and quantity of T. harizanum inoculums for large scale co mmercial production.
Pages 05-07
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.01.2019.01.04

ABSTRACT

MINERAL NUTRIENT CONTENT OF BUCKWHEAT (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) FOR NUTRITIONAL SECURITY IN NEPAL

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Bikram Nepali, Devashish Bhandari, Jiban Shrestha

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2019.01.04

Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) is grown primarily to produce grains for human consumption because of its nutritive and health promoting value. Buckwheat is the sixth staple food after rice, wheat, maize, finger millet and barley in Nepal. This study principally focuses on the mineral nutrient content of buckwheat and their role in human health and nutrition. Buckwheat is used as basic food, animal feed, vegetable, soup, beverage and medicine. It is rich source of proteins, starch, antioxidants, dietary fibre and trace elements. It is rich in minerals like Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Se, K, Na, Ca and Mg. It is rich in fats, flavonoid and vitamin especially B groups. Buckwheat proteins contain amino acid which is well balanced and is of a high biological value. Buckwheat is rich source of rutin. The high level of rutin is extracted from the leaves for medicine to treat high blood pressure. This review serves as a useful tool to researchers and nutritionist who are working in food and nutritional security in Nepal.
Pages 01-04
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.02.2018.24

ABSTRACT

UNEXPECTED ROOTING IN SHOOT-TIP CUTTINGS OF PONYTAIL PALM (BEAUCARNEA RECURVATA)

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Shahram Sedaghathoor, HabibRostami Shahrajil

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.02.2018.24

Cutting has mentioned one of Beaucarnea’s propagation methodsin some scientific references, but it is hard-to-root plant. This experiment carried out to try rooting of shoot cutting of this species. For this purpose, Ponytail palm tip shoot cuttings were treated by 4 concentrations of Indole butyric acid (IBA) including: 0, 1000, 2000 and 4000 mg/l. The rooted cutting of Beaucarnea recurvata was treated by 4000 mg/l IBA.
Pages 24
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.02.2018.19.23

ABSTRACT

SEED SCARIFICATION REDUCES SEEDLING SURVIVAL AND TREE GROWTH AND LONGEVITY IN SENEGALIA POLYACANTHA AT A SITE IN CENTRAL ZAMBIA, SOUTHERN AFRICA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Emmanuel Chidumayo

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.02.2018.19.23

One of the impediments to artificially regenerating forests is seed dormancy and seed scarification improves germination rate. However, the majority of studies on seed treatment to break dormancy in dry tropical woody species have focussed on the seedling stage and little is known about the effects of seed treatment on saplings and trees. This study, conducted at a permanent site in central Zambia, aimed at determining the effects of seed scarification on seedling emergence and survival and growth and longevity of Senegalia polyacantha, a fast growing and nitrogen-fixing species that is widely distributed in Sub-Saharan Africa. Seedling emergence from scarified and untreated seeds was monitored and first-year survival assessed. Enrichment planting with nursery transplants and direct sowing of scarified seed was undertaken and the survival and growth of planted and non-planted trees monitored for 17 years. Seed scarification increased seedling emergence but seedling survival was significantly reduced. Planted trees from scarified seeds had lower radial growth (0.22 cm yr-1) compared to non-planted trees (0.56 cm yr-1). Planted trees also had a shorter lifespan than non-planted trees. Seed scarification in S. polyacantha should be applied with caution to avoid significant negative effects on seedling survival and growth and longevity of trees.
Pages 19-23
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.02.2018.16.18

ABSTRACT

AGRONOMIC PERFORMANCE AND CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF FINGER MILLET (Elusine corocana L.) GENOTYPES

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Narayan Bahadur Dhami, Manoj Kandel, Suk Bahadur Gurung, Jiban Shrestha

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.02.2018.16.18

Considering the context of climate change and food security issues of the poor, marginalized and vulnerable farmers; there is urgent need of characterization of the traits and its correlation in the different genotypes of finger millet for development of elite variety in Nepal. A field research was carried out at agronomy field at hill crop research program (HCRP), kabre, Dolakha from June to November, 2017in order to identify the phenotypic variability of the trait in different Nepalese landraces and create to promote the production and stability of neglected crops, finger millet. The field experiment was conducted in random complete block design with two replications. The result revealed that the finger millet genotypes showed the significant differences for days to 50 % heading, plant height, plant stand per square meter, bearing head per square meter, number of finger per head, thousand grain weight and grain yield. The genotypes ACC#513 (3.68 t/ha) fallowed by ACC#2303(3.65t ha-1), ACC#2275(3.57t ha-1) and ACC#5434 (3.39 t ha-1) produces highest grain yield. Correlation analysis revealed that plant height fallowed by plant stand per square meter, bearing head, number of finger per head and straw yield with minimum lodging percentage were most yield determinative traits and simultaneous selection for these traits might brining an improvement in finger millet grain yield.
Pages 16-18
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.02.2018.09.15

ABSTRACT

SOIL CAPABILITY AND SUITABILITY ASSESSMENT OF TUSHKA AREA, EGYPT BY USING DIFFERENT PROGRAMS (ASLE, MICROLEIS AND MODIFIED STORIE INDEX)

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Salah Hassanien Abd El-Aziz

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.02.2018.09.15

The present study was undertaken to identify the morphological, physical and chemical characteristics of soils in Tushka, Aswan governorate, Egypt, in order to classify and evaluate them from the agricultural use view point. Tushka area is located in the western desert, upper Egypt. It lies between latitudes of 22° 48′ 00.7″ and 22° 28′ 44.2” N and longitudes of 31° 28′ 07.2″ and 31° 29′ 08.2″ E. The soils of the study area were none to slightly saline (ECe ranged from 0.53 to 6.85 dSm-1). Soil texture was mostly sand, loamy sand and sandy loam. Soil reaction (pH) tended to be mildly to moderately alkaline with a range of 7.6 to 8.1. Calcium carbonate and gypsum contents were very low. The soils were classified as Typic Torripsamments, Typic Torriorthents and Lithic Torriorthents. Most of the soils understudy were suitable for agricultural use. The results revealed that the capability of soils according to ASLE program was good (C2) and fair suitable (C3), moderate suitable (S3) using MicroLEIS (Cervatana model) and good, fair and poor using Modified Storie Index. Most of the selected crops were found to be the best grown ones on soils of the S2 and S3 suitability classes by ASLE program. Also, most of the selected crops were moderately (S3) and marginally suitable (S4) by MicroLEIS-ALMAGRA model. The main limitation factors of the study area for crop production were soil texture and soil depth.
Pages 09-15
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.02.2018.06.08

ABSTRACT

GRAIN YIELD AND YIELD ATTRIBUTING TRAITS OF MAIZE GENOTYPES UNDER DIFFERENT PLANTING DATES

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Ashik Bk, Jiban Shrestha, Roshan Subedi

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.02.2018.06.08

Winter planting of maize in Inner Tarai region of Nepal is affected by planting dates. This experiment was conducted at research field of National Maize Research Program (NMRP) Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal from September to March in 2016 to 2017 to evaluate the yield performance of maize varieties under various panting dates. The experiment was conducted in factorial randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications in which eight treatments consisted of different combinations of two maize varieties (S03TEY-FM and RML-95/RML-96) and four planting dates (4th, 14th, and 24th September and 4th October). The results showed that the effect of planting dates on grain yield was highly significant. Similarly, the effect of varieties on grain yield was significant. Moreover, the interaction effect of them was significant. The earlier planting of maize varieties (September 4) produced the higher grain yield than later planting (October 4). Therefore, maize varieties should be planted in early September during winter season for achieving higher production.
Pages 06-08
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

Download

Posted by din

mjsa.02.2018.01.05

ABSTRACT

EFFECT OF TRICHODERMA VIRIDE AS BIOFERTILIZER ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF WHEAT

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Sanjay Mahato, Susmita Bhuju, Jiban Shrestha

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.02.2018.01.05

This experiment was conducted to find out the effects of Trichoderma viride on growth and yield of wheat at Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Lamjung Campus, Sundarbazar, Lamjung during December 2016 – April 2017. The experiment consisted of seven treatments; (T1: Control; T2: Soil + NPK; T3: Soil inoculated Trichoderma; T4: Trichoderma + FYM; T5: Trichoderma + ½ NPK; T6: Trichoderma + NPK and T7 = Trichoderma + NPK + FYM) laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. The results showed that Trichoderma viride increased the plant height (4.6%), root weight (1.5%), leaf length (0.3%), panicle weight (9.1%), number of grains (3.8%), grain yield (36.5%), biological yield (13.7%), and biomass yield (2.7%) over control; while root length (-17.4%), number of leaves (-8.4%), tiller number (-10.8%), panicle number (-6.7%), panicle length (-8.4%) highlighted the negative impact of T. viride on wheat plant. T. viride displayed antagonism with inorganic fertilizer. When T. viride and NPK were accompanied with farmyard manure, most of the growth and yield parameter showed the highest value. Though Trichoderma viride decreases several growth parameters, it still can be used as biofertilizer which increases the grain yield. Using T. viride with a full dose of NPK during sowing stage may not be efficient and economical in terms of productivity. Introducing farmyard manure to T. viride gives better yield than T. viride alone.
Pages 01-05
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

Download

Posted by din