Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT METHODS OF CROP ESTABLISHMENT ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF A SPRING RICE AT JANAKPURDHAM-17, DHANUSHA

mjsa.01.2020.31.36

ABSTRACT

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT METHODS OF CROP ESTABLISHMENT ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF A SPRING RICE AT JANAKPURDHAM-17, DHANUSHA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Santosh Bhandari, Saroj Sapkota, Chetan Gyawali

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.31.36

The study was conducted to know and evaluate the performance of different methods of crop establishment of Hardinath-1, spring rice, under RCBD with 5 treatments and 4 replications; treatments used were- Open, straight row, SRI, random and dry bed method of transplanting. The parameters like number of tillers per square meter, plant height, panicle length, effective number of tillers per square meter, thousand grain weight, grain yield in MT/ha and sterility percentage were accounted for the study. The findings suggest statistical similarity in grain yield for SRI (4.475 Mt/ha), straight row (4.45 Mt/ha) and open method of transplanting (4.45 Mt/ha), although the former, literally, being a slight superior among three. Random (20.00a) and dry bed (19.64a) method of transplanting were statistically at par and highest in value for sterility percentage followed by open (17.68b), SRI (16.73bc) and straight row (16.12c) method, the least of all. SRI method of transplanting exhibited highest mean value for number of tillers/m2 (294.4), thousand grain weight (22.87a), effective number of tillers/m2 (254.8a), grain yield (4.475 t/ha) and second lowest sterility percentage and plant height after straight row method of transplanting. Straight row method of transplanting exhibited highest mean value for plant height (39.36 cm, 43.02 cm, 43.91 cm and 102.28 cm) and lowest sterility percentage (16.12c) but, showed comparatively poor performance in other parameters in respect to SRI method of transplanting. Dry bed method, as a whole, comparatively exhibited the worst performance of all and thus, categorized as control treatment. This study suggests that SRI method of crop establishment is an easy and effective technique for improving physiological and yield attributing characters of spring rice.
Pages 31-36
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.01.2020.27.30

ABSTRACT

IDENTIFICATION OF LENTIL VARIETIES/LINES RESISTANT TO STEMPHYLIUM
BLIGHT CONSIDERING DISEASE REACTION AND YIELD

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Md. Amirul Islam, Shah Md. Ariful Islam, Maria Akter Sathi

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.27.30

A piece of study was carried out to identify the resistant varieties to stemphylium blight disease of lentil at Plant Pathology Division, Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur during the period of September 2013 to April 2014. The experimental design was RCB in field condition having three replications. Eleven lentil test entries along with 2 check variety BARI masur-1 and BARI masur-7 were evaluated. At maturity 4 lines showed Moderately Resistant (MR) and 7 lines showed Moderately Susceptible (MS) types of reaction. The line BLX-06004-12 gave the highest yield (1456 kg ha-1) followed by BLX-06004-2 (1113.30 kg ha-1 ) and BLX-05001-6 (1106.30 kg ha-1) which were designated as moderately resistant to stemphylium blight disease. The lowest yield (987.30 kg ha-1) was recorded in BLX-05008-21 which was designated as moderately susceptible to stemphylium blight disease.
Pages 27-30
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.01.2020.25.26

ABSTRACT

RESPONSE OF GROWTH REGULATOR TO GROUNDNUT IN CHARLAND AREA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Jubaidur Rahman, Mukaddasul Islam Riad

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.25.26

The experiment was conducted at the charland area of Jamalpur during rabi 2017-18 and 2018-19 to find out the suitable growth regulator for groundnut in char land. Treatments included in the experiment were: Flora (Nitrobenzene, ACI), Nafa (Entefa), Maxsulphar (Sulfer-80%, Mcdonald), Alba (Avamectin-1.8 EC, SAMP Limited), Calsol and Control (without growth regulator). Growth regulator were applied Flora (2 ml/L), Nafa (2.5 ml/L), Maxsulphar (2 ml/L), Alba (0.5 ml/L), Calsol (3 ml/L) as foliar spray at 35 and 45 days after sowing (DAS). Several yield parameters e.g. plant height, number of pod/plant, number of effective pod/plant, number of uneffective pod/plant, root length, 100 seed wt. and yield were analyzed. Growth regulators effective to groundnut in charland area from Flora, Nafa, Maxsulphar and Alba application due to formation of nodulation, chlorophyll synthesis and supply of plant growth agent. Control treatment performs better than some growth regulator treatments.
Pages 25-26
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.01.2020.22.24

ABSTRACT

AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE ON RICE PRODUCTION IN MALAYSIA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Wen Chiat Lee, Nicholas Hoe, K. Kuperan Viswanathan, Amir Hussin Baharuddin/span>

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.22.24

Rice is an important staple food in Malaysia and represents a substantial household expenditure. Malaysia, which imports about 35 percent of its rice, is the 13th largest importer of rice in the world. This makes Malaysia susceptible to global rice crisis, similar to the one in 2008. Climate change is crucial in affecting rice production in tropical countries especially Malaysia as climate projections have shown that climate change will affect countries in the tropics most negatively with increased temperature and flooding due to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. This study analysed the effect of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions on rice production in Malaysia during the period 1970-2013. The analysis incorporated the following variables: total local rice production, carbon dioxide emissions, precipitation, land used for paddy farming, total rice imports, and global average crude oil prices. The results indicated that in the estimated model the level of carbon dioxide does not affect rice production in the short-run. However, increased carbon dioxide emissions can influence rice production indirectly by affecting the level of precipitation. Precipitation and area of irrigated land are significant variables in determining level of rice production. Policies for reducing carbon emissions is however crucial for ensuring long run sustainability in rice production.
Pages 22-24
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.01.2020.19.21

ABSTRACT

TISSUE CULTURE OF Ficus Carica VARIETY BTM-6

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Nur Atikah Azhar, Zarina Zainuddin

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.19.21

Ficus carica or commonly known as fig plant is a deciduous plant originated from southwest Asia and eastern Mediterranean. It has many benefits in medical field especially to treat diseases such as rheumatism and haemorrhoids due to its high laxative activity effect. The main objective of this study is to develop in vitro clonal propagation method for rapid production of Ficus carica variety BTM-6 plantlet using different plant growth regulators (PGRs) through shoot induction and multiplication, rootings and subsequent establishment in soil following acclimatization. Surface sterilisation of the explant was done using sodium hypochlorite as the disinfectant. Pre-treatment of the explants with carbendazim successfully reduced the occurrence of fungal contamination. To investigate the effect of plant growth regulators on shoot induction, explants were cultured in different concentrations of PGRs either singly or in combination. No shoot and root inductions were observed but calli were successfully induced on MS medium containing 2 mg/l BA only, 2 mg/l BA in combination with 0.5 mg/l NAA and MS media supplemented with 0.5 mg/l BA in combination with 0.5 mg/l NAA. A further in-depth study using other different types of plant growth regulators at various concentrations is required in order to establish a complete tissue culture protocol of this particular plant species.
Pages 19-21
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.01.2020.14.18

ABSTRACT

A REVIEW ON VARIOUS MANAGEMENT METHOD OF RICE BLAST DISEASE

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Swodesh Rijal, Yuvraj Devkota

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.14.18

Rice (Oryza sativa) is native to Asia and grown worldwide. Rice feeds more than 50 % of the world population Rice is predominant staple food for 17 countries in Asia and provides 20 % of world’s dietary energy supply. So, among cereal it considered as most significant crop. Both biotic and a-biotic factors adversely affect crop and yield. Among them, 70 to 80 % of annual rice yield is lost due to blast disease. Higher statical data of blast disease is threat to growing population on food security. The objective of this review is to know the different methods of controlling blast diseases. Management of blast can be done through various methods but eco-friendly, integration of various cultural, Nutrient, chemical biological and botanical is best. Recent Research has been made in biological, botanical, Resistance development and Nutritional management but development of variety and Biological are best option. Isoprothiolane at 1.5 ml/l and Tricyclazole 22 % + Hexaconazole 3% SC (thrice from booting stage at weekly interval) are best chemical whereas Pseudomonas fluorescens strain Pf1 @ 10g/kg, SPM5C-1 and SPM5C-2 (aliphatic compounds obtained from Streptomyces sp), Bacillus tequilensis (GYLH001) and pseudomonad EA105 effectively inhibit the growth of M. oryzae. more than 100 R gene are identified as Resistance in Blast. Gene Pyramiding and use of multilines varieties is efficient and able to overcome pesticide hazards. Neem extract 4ml/15ml, Coffee arabica@25%, Nicotiana tabacum@10% are effective but garlic extract @higher doses and neem extract @ 4ml/15 ml are best for complete control. 4 g Si/L in green house condition observed greatest reduction of blast incidence. Several forecasting model predicts probable disease outbreak and reduces crop losses. Similarly, burning of residues and flooding make unfavorable condition to pathogen.
Pages 14-18
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.01.2020.09.13

ABSTRACT

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PLANT EXTRACTS ON SPROUTING, STORABILITY AND POST-HARVEST LOSS OF POTATO IN BAGLUNG DISTRICT, NEPAL

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Kushal Giri, Suraj Gurung, Sujan Pokharel, Rupak Karn, Ananta Prakash Subedi

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.09.13

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different plant extracts on sprouting, storability and post-harvest loss of potato at ambient condition in Baglung district, Nepal. The parameters observed were sprouting percentage, sprout number, sprout length, sprout mass, weight loss percentage and damage score. The experiment consists of ten different treatments namely; Zingiber officinale rhizome, Azadirachta indica leaves, Atimisia spp. leaves, Utica dioica leaves, Control, Acorus calamus rhizome, Brassica campestris oil, Cymbopogon spp. oil, Azadirachta indica oil and Mentha spp. oil. The experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design with four replications. Cympopogan oil, Mentha oil and Acorus powder completely suppressed the sprouting until 60 days with Cympopogan oil being the most effective to suppress sprouting throughout the experiment. The highest sprout number was recorded from Mentha oil (1.92) and control (1.79) after 90 days. The lowest sprout number was recorded from Cymbopogon oil (0.38). The average sprout length of Mentha spp. oil (13.47 mm) and control (13.19 mm) was maximum with minimum being that of Cymbopogon oil (2.5 mm) and Acorus (5.63 mm). The sprout mass measured at the end was maximum in control (2 gm) and minimum in Cymbopogon oil (0.25 gm). The weight loss percentage was maximum in control (10.66 %) with minimum in Cymbopogon oil (6.8 %). The tubers treated with Brassica campestris oil were damage to least (1.46) and highest damage score was recorded from control (1.88). A strong correlation was obtained between weight loss and sprout length (r=0.85), sprout number (r=0.78) and sprout mass (r=0.70).
Pages 09-13
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.01.2020.05.08

ABSTRACT

EFFECT OF CO-COMPOST MADE FROM CATTLE MANURE AND SAWDUST ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF OKRA (ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS L.)

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Asma Khatun, S. Sikder and J.C. Joardar

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.05.08

Co-composting is an effective and environment friendly method of solid waste management to make valuable organic soil amendment which helps to maintain soil fertility in a sustainable way. An experiment was conducted to make co-compost using cattle manure (CM) and sawdust (SD) in different ratios (w/w) for the correct mixing proportion of raw materials to investigate the nutrient status of co-compost, and to evaluate the potential value of co-compost after incorporation into soil to form a nutrient rich growth media for Abelmoschus esculentus L. The experiment was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five treatments and three replications comprising of only SD, only CM, sawdust-cattle manure mixture in the ratio of 1:1 (SD: CM=1:1), 1:2 (SD: CM= 1:2) and 2:1 (SD: CM= 2:1) by weight. Compost samples were collected for nutrient analysis after 75 days of composting. The highest value of total N, P and S were obtained in CM compost. Organic carbon (OC) and C:N ratio were found higher in SD compost. Higher growth and yield of okra were recorded under SD:CM= 1:2 treatment. On the basis of the experimental results, combined application of SD and CM at 1:2 ratio was the right mixing proportion. So, the organic fertilizer mixed with SD and CM at 1:2 ratio would be an efficient soil amendment that would improve soil quality, promote plant growth and increase yield.
Pages 05-08
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.01.2020.01.04

ABSTRACT

EVALUATING THE BIDIRECTIONAL NEXUS BETWEEN CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE FROM A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Achille Dargaud Fofack and Enow Asu Derick

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.01.2020.01.04

Understanding the complex and dynamic nexus between climate change and agriculture has become crucial for our civilization. Thus, this paper aims at estimating the impact of those two concepts on one another using world data spanning from 1980 to 2018. On the one hand, the results show that the rising sea level inherent to climate change has a positive and significant impact on arable land and a negative and significant impact on livestock production. It is also found that rising sea level and global temperature constitute significant obstacles to crop production while a surge in greenhouse gas emissions significantly boosts it. On the other hand, the paper reveals that livestock production significantly increases greenhouse gas emissions while agricultural activities –crop production, livestock production and arable land– are found to have a negative and significant impact on global temperature. Finally, as agriculture is both a cause and a victim of climate change, some adaptation (shift in farming timing, intercropping) and mitigation (carbon sequestration, organic farming) strategies are recommended.
Pages 01-04
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjsa.02.2019.60.63

ABSTRACT

A REVIEW ON SCENARIO, CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF POULTRY PRODUCTION IN NEPAL

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Roshan Dhakal, Binod Joshi, Rupak Karn, Sagar Bhusal And Bibek Acharya

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjsa.02.2019.60.63

Poultry production is a growing industry that accounts about 3.5% of total GDP. The number of commercial farm is concentrated to districts like Chitwan, Kathmandu and Kaski but major of the poultry farming is followed by rural people which is under the free range system and low input production system. This review was written to summarize and study the present status, challenges and potential of poultry farming. In order to meet the demand of the poultry, the commercial poultry population has increased about more than two times than the last decade. Similarly, there has been marked increase in the number of laying birds, meat production and egg production in these recent years. But it has not been able to surpass the demand in the market. To meet the demand through commercialization, people have suffered different challenges like increase cost of production, lack of maintenance of bio-security, improper maintenance of housing ,lack of proper knowledge about poultry production ,irregular supply of qualifiable chicks ,religious and cultural restrictions ,outbreak of different diseases , lack of slaughter house and processing plant etc which has threatened the poultry business which can be uplifted through certain management strategies along with policies, programs and awareness campaign.
Pages 60-63
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

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