IMPROVED QUALITY OF FABA BEANS (VICIA FABA L.) CROP WITH BIO-CONTROL AGAINST BRUCHID BEETLE (BRUCHUS RUFIMANUS)
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Umair Ali, Muhammad Ashfaq, Abdul Rafeeh Shakeel, Asad Ali
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The faba bean crop is facing different biotic and abiotic factors that ultimately lower its production. One of the serious threats to faba beans production is the bruchid beetle (Bruchu rufimanus). The crop acts as a host plant, and the life cycle of bruchid beetles (Bruchus rufimanus) is based on faba bean crop. Studies reveal that there is a significant impact of different organic extracts on faba bean (Vicia faba L.) Production against the bruchid beetle, furthermore, essential oils and organic extracts bearing insecticidal compounds that counter the bruchid beetle infestation to an appropriate level. Globally, crops bear unstable yield which leads to an inadequate area under production and limited farmer expertise in relation to faba bean crop production. The ultimate result is inadequate experience and expertise of its management practices. Use of chemical insecticides has an adverse impact on the natural ecosystem and non-target insect pests. The review is based on different biological approaches that may counter the bruchid beetle (Bruchus rufimanus) infestation. There is a need to limit its attack at pre harvest stage to obtain quality seed and to boost the yield potential. There is very less literature available on pre harvest control of bruchid beetles (Bruchus rufimanus). Different plant based essential oil and extracts having insect repellent tendency with insecticidal compounds. Innovative approaches like Semiochemical based insect trap and nanosilica coating will prove a breakthrough to counter bruchid beetle (Bruchus rufimanus) infestation. This review paper represents the summary and overview related to the improved quality of faba beans (Vicia faba L.) crop with bio-control against bruchid beetle (Bruchus rufimanus). The data reveals the combined exposure of research papers and other literature that is available in terms of related aspects. This may lead to literature overview from previous research and present findings in a combined form. Further work is needed to counter bruchid beetle (Bruchus rufimanus) attack at pre harvest stage by using biological approaches.