A REVIEW ON SCENARIO, CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF POULTRY PRODUCTION IN NEPAL
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Roshan Dhakal, Binod Joshi, Rupak Karn, Sagar Bhusal And Bibek Acharya
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Poultry production is a growing industry that accounts about 3.5% of total GDP. The number of commercial farm is concentrated to districts like Chitwan, Kathmandu and Kaski but major of the poultry farming is followed by rural people which is under the free range system and low input production system. This review was written to summarize and study the present status, challenges and potential of poultry farming. In order to meet the demand of the poultry, the commercial poultry population has increased about more than two times than the last decade. Similarly, there has been marked increase in the number of laying birds, meat production and egg production in these recent years. But it has not been able to surpass the demand in the market. To meet the demand through commercialization, people have suffered different challenges like increase cost of production, lack of maintenance of bio-security, improper maintenance of housing ,lack of proper knowledge about poultry production ,irregular supply of qualifiable chicks ,religious and cultural restrictions ,outbreak of different diseases , lack of slaughter house and processing plant etc which has threatened the poultry business which can be uplifted through certain management strategies along with policies, programs and awareness campaign.