COMMERCIAL AND FIELD FACTORS OF SELECTING KENAF FIBERS AS ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)
Author: Rabar Fatah Salih, Ekhlass Mamand Hamad, Tara Namiq
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
This work was carried out from 15 July 2021 in Grdarasha Field, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University-Erbil. It aims to show the impact of using kenaf fibers as alternative materials in manufacturing. Global climate change and environment pollution cause to do this kind of researching. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) is a fast growing natural crops, belongs to the Malvaceae family. It is an industrial crop has high potential for cultivation in a tropical climate and also which resistance to various soil types and climate. Selecting the raw materials for industrial applications is more important. Actually, kenaf fibers have many advantages to use in wade range of applications, also it’s fibers not just a part of plant useful as raw material but also leaves and seeds have many other advantages and uses. The results show that there is a significant between varieties on growth and fiber yield properties. The highest plant high was of FH952 by (368.33 cm), while the best values of total fresh and dry stem yields were found of HC2 and V36, by almost (219.33 and 60.93 t/ha), respectively. Providing these results through kenaf plant could be considered as substitute materials for timber and other biocomposite manufactures, and also it causes to safe environment by absorption optimal value of carbon dioxide (CO2), then cutting of woodland trees will be decreased. Finally recommended to cultivation fiber crops (kenaf) globally to conserve environment.